In the spirit of the holiday season, this is a series of short blog posts covering random things I have learned while doing Salesforce development, one for each day of Advent.
The “this” keyword can be hard to wrap your head around, and I personally have wrestled with it for a long time (which makes me think it’s a language problem and not my fault! But I digress). So while I was trying to learn how to use it, I found it was much more fun to sing about it!
Here’s a song I wrote a few years ago about
(to the tune of ‘What’s This?’ From The Nightmare Before Christmas)
What's this, what's this? My scope is everywhere. What's this? And now it isn't there. What's this? Call, apply and bind, What am I typing setTimeout? This isn't fair! What's this? What's this? What's this? I guess I'll check this blog What's this? Now try console.log() What's this? The code is lined with debugs laughing breakpoints trying to see what's happening Have I possibly gone daffy? What is this? What's this? There's functions throwing exceptions undefined it said Suddenly it's working And now my code is dead this is equal to the window? Oh, I can't believe my eyes This async function has a new scope coming from inside... Alert! What's this? They're binding to the scope! Var that? That is still defined! Inspired! This is set to that to keep this constant Every single time it fires What's this? What's this? Right here! A method named call? How queer And who would ever think? Apply? This is bound to all sorts of things Following a call stack like a string And there's a smile on everyone So now correct me if I'm wrong This is dumb! This is fun! Oh, could it be I got my wish? What's this? Oh my, what now? A callback argument? But look, call() cannot be sent Or apply(), no parameters to declare them Or ensnare them, but bind() ensures that they are Defined inside this function... hmm.... What's this? This is still just missing The scope cannot be found And in their place there seems to be Undefined's all around Instead of binding correctly Another var I have to declare The sight of programs crashing Are absolutely everywhere The stacks, the calls! They're everywhere and all, around I never felt so confused, before! This implied scope keeps hoisting up I simply cannot get this function up I want this, oh I want this I want this to be known I've got to know, I've got to know Is there a syntax that is sound? What! Is! This! Arrow functions? Hmm…